Rethinking stabilisation efforts in Somalia

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Rethinking stabilisation efforts in Somalia

May 11, 2019| Arlaadi Online

As talks between Somalia‘s federal government and federal member states falter, this article from SIPRI org argues that “It’s time to reconsider stabilisation as ‘redistribution of power’”

Rethinking stabilisation efforts in Somalia

A Ugandan soldier serving with the African Union (AU) Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) looks over an open tract of land from the roof of Mogadishu University. Photo: Flickr/UN Photo/Stuart Price

Dr Giovanni Faleg

Ahead of the 2019 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development, SIPRI is pleased to share guest blog posts from partner organizations.

Since it emerged as a global policy paradigm after the terrorist attacks on the United States of 11 September 2001, the implementation of stabilisation policies rested on a delicate balance between building a coherent long-term peace strategy and having a clear exit strategy, through the difficult sequencing of early interventions, transition and long-term recovery actions.

Theoretically, it is possible to differentiate stabilisation from counter-terrorism, or state-and-peace building, by showing the different phases of the conflict cycle and a linear division of labour among different actors engaged in post-conflict settings. Yet, the boundaries between policy concepts become blurry when they are implemented on the ground, especially in countries like Somalia. Here, the dust of conflict quickly settles over policy frameworks, making it difficult to define with clarity what stability is, how to achieve it, how to measure it, or where transition ends and recovery begins.

International donors have provided large sums to support military and civilian-led stabilisation in Somalia. Yet, a stable Somalia appears to be a distant dream, with a planned withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in 2021 constituting a looming threat to all other stabilisation programs in the country. In 2018, violent conflict in Somalia accounted for 5,113 fatalities out of a total of 43,769 fatalities since AMISOM was created on 17 January 2007.

Why is it that despite international support, stabilisation in Somalia appears so far away? And what are the lessons to gather from Somalia for international stabilisation efforts? Read more at Rethinking stabilisation efforts in Somalia


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