New Proxy Wars in the Horn of Africa

New Proxy Wars in the Horn of Africa

September 8, 2018| Arlaadi Online

Horn of Africa map

It is a war fought indirectly between superpowers with the aid of Third World nations. During the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union allied with many smaller nations as a way to fight these wars. Third World nations were not allowed to remain neutral during cold war era, they were forced to routinely engage wars and fought on their behalf.

In 1969, when the United States was defeated in the Vietnam war, the USA decided to shift from its old political dogma in carrying out full scale attacks against their enemies, instead they preferred to empower militarily by a third party to indirectly involve in the conflict.

President Richard Nixon, who was the 37th President of the USA, from 1969 to 1974, had introduced the doctrine known as a “NIXON DOCTRINE,” or “GUAM DOCTRINE.” The major elements of this doctrine were purely based on three important agendas:

  • First, the United States will keep all of its treaty commitments.

  • Second, we shall provide a shield if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation allied with us or of a nation whose survival we consider vital to our security

  • Third, in cases involving other types of aggression, we shall furnish military and economic assistance when requested in accordance with our treaty commitments. But we shall look to the nation directly threatened to assume the primary responsibility of providing the manpower for its defense. New Proxy Wars in the Horn of Africa

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